American (PA) 1851-1912



 Watercolor with Traces of Pencil
Inscribed "Paris 94" LR, in giltwood frame

Provenance: James Graham & Sons, New York, NY;

Debra Force Fine Art, New York, NY

Exhibition record: James Graham & Sons, New York, NY, Thomas Pollok Anshutz: Painting Arcadia (2001); Be My Little Valentine:

Small Sculpture, Precious and Sentimental Paintings and Works on Paper (2002) bearing labels verso

Highly important Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts artist and teacher


Museums:  23, including Metropolitan Museum, Carnegie Museum, National Gallery of Art, Smithsonian,

National Academy of Design, LA County Museum, PAFA


Listings: 94 books, 5 periodicals American Art Review (2), Magazine Antiques, American Arts Quarterly, American Artist


Image size: 10.25” x 8.25”






For related works, please click below:


Edmund C. Tarbell Anton Albers Jr. (PA) Arthur C. Goodwin Elisha Kent Kane Wetherill Robert Henri




Born: 1851, Newport, Kentucky

Died: 1912, Fort Washington, Pennsylvania

Studied: under Thomas Eakins (Pennsylvania Academy) and Bouguereau.(Academie Julian)

Anshutz's students:  included Robert Henri, John Sloan, John Marin, Frederick Judd Waugh, William Glackens, Edward

Willis Redfield, George Benjamin Luks, and Charles Demuth.


A native of Newport, Kentucky, Thomas Anshutz was known primarily for his paintings of female figures, usually isolated in a

contemplative or coquettish pose.In 1872 he went to New York City to study at the National Academy of Design under Lemuel
Wilmarth.  Two years later, he continued his studies at the Pennsylvania Academy under Thomas Eakins and Christian Schussele. 

In 1881, Anshutz became Eakins’s assistant demonstrator for anatomy courses taught by the surgeon William Williams Keen.  He joined

the Academy faculty as a replacement for Eakins, who was fired for using nude models in female student classes.   In 1886 he became

the chief painting teacher at the Academy, keeping in the curriculum the emphasis on anatomy in the tradition of Eakins. 

Anshutz became Head of the Pennsylvania Academy in 1909.


In 1885, Anshutz went to Paris to the Academie Julian, where he studied under Adolphe William Bouguereau.  He then returned to

the Pennsylvania Academy faculty for the remainder of his active career.


He was regarded as a solid painter who did major studies for each canvas.  He was also one of the most influential teachers of his time,

projecting more through his students than his own work.  His students include Robert Henri, John Sloan, John Marin, Frederick Judd

Waugh, William Glackens, Edward Willis Redfield, George Benjamin Luks, and Charles Demuth.


Anshutz was generally not acknowledged for his own paintings until the 20th century.  He had the dark palette and realistic approach

to figure painting of Thomas Eakins.   His oil paintings often depicted a female in a contemplative posture. His most famous work,

"Iron Workers at Noontime" (1882) clearly anticipates Realism, where working class men are shown in their everyday life.  In addition to

oils, Anshutz also produced watercolor pieces that show an interest in light and color, often done on travel.


Anshutz was a member of the National Academy, a Fellow of the Pennsylvania Academy, and also belonged to the Philadelphia and

New York Watercolor Clubs. He exhibited widely during his lifetime and received many prizes and gold medals, including at: the Art

Institute of Chicago in Illinois, the Boston Art Club in Massachusetts; the Pennsylvania Academy; the National Academy; Artists Club

of Philadelphia; the St. Louis Exposition of 1904; Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C.; and the Buenos Aires Exposition of 1910 in



Anshutz's work is in the permanent collection of many major museums.  He died in 1912 after a long and prosperous career as a

professor and working artist.



The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

Philadelphia Sketch Club

Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh/Carnegie Institute

Los Angeles County Museum of Art

San Diego Museum of Art

Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, MH De Young

Yale University Art Gallery

Delaware Art Museum

Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas

Greenville Museum of Art

The Hickory Museum of Art

Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery

The Brooklyn Museum of Art

National Academy of Design Museum

Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts

Reading Public Museum

The Cummer Museum Of Art & Gardens

The Washington County Museum of Fine Arts

Ohio Historical Society

Brandywine River Museum

Hirshhorn Museum

Westmoreland Museum

University of Kentucky Art Museum



American Art Review, March 2005, Collection James & Barbara Palmer

American Arts Quarterly, January 2004, Legacy of Pennsylvania Academy  

Magazine Antiques, December 2003, Current and Coming 

American Artist, November 2002, Nuts & Bolts    

American Art Review, February 1999, Treasures from Westmoreland Museum


Some relevant books of interest:     

Pennsylvania Academy, Thomas Anshutz 1851-1912

Metropolitan Museum of Art, 200 Years of Watercolor Painting 

Hoopes, Donelson F, American Watercolor Painting

Stebbins, Theodore E, American Master Drawings and Watercolors/A History of Works  on Paper

Richardson, Edgar P, American Art Collection of Mr. & Mrs. John D Rockefeller 3rd

Perlman, Bennard B, The Immortal Eight American Painting from Eakins to the Armory Show

Spanierman Gallery, American Works on Paper II

Sellin, David; Mark Sullivan, Thomas Eakins and His Fellow Artists at the Philadelphia Sketch Club

All major art biographical dictionaries and price indices 





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homas Pollock Anshutz, Woman in a Black Dress, Watercolor on Paper