American (New York / Pennsylvania) 1865-1929





Probably Monhegan
Oil on panel

Unsigned, verso inscribed by the artist, "Flying Spray"
 Provenance: A private New England collection


Museums (107): most major museums have at least one in the collection

Books: 378

Periodicals: 67



 Robert Henri remains one of America’s most important painters.  He was a founder of the New York group

of painters known as “The Eight”, later  known as The Ashcan School. He was a highly influential teacher at

New York’s Art Student’s League, as well as several other schools, including the New York School of Art

(formerly the Chase School). 


Most know Henri for his strong portraits, lit usually with classical 3/4 lighting, producing powerful

contrasts,which he enhanced through slashing brush strokes and quite strong coloration. 

However, he also did many seascapes, cityscapes and landscapes for his recreation.

  Many remain unsigned, as this example.  One of Henri’s colleagues was Canadian

James Wilson Morrice, who introduced him to the practice of painting pochades on

tiny wood panels that could be carried in a coat pocket along with a minimal kit of brushes and oil. 

This facilitated the kind of spontaneous depictions of scenes such as the example above. 

This palette of coloration is consistent throughout his body of works. 

There is an unmistakable energy to this panel, a great element of

Henri's work that makes it so immediately powerful and appealing. 


Robert Henri’s works are held in most major American museums, and the Luxembourg Gallery in Paris. 


Image Size: 7 3/4" x 10 1/4"









(Luxembourg Gardens, 3 3/4" x 6", unsigned.  Henri Inventory #1-37-A-1)



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Robert Cozad Henri

Robert Cozad Henri

Robert Cozad Henri



HENRI, Robert (1865-1929)


Birth place: Cincinnati, OH


Death place: Cincinnati


Addresses: Philadelphia, 1891-99/Paris, France; NYC, c.1901


Profession: Painter


Studied: pupil of Eakins & Hovenden at Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 1886-88;

Academy Julian, Paris, with Bouguereau, Robert-Fleury, 1888-91;

Ecole des Beaux-Arts; Spain; Italy.


Exhibited: National Academy of Design, 1878; at Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 1892-1929

(gold, 1914, 1929); Salons of the Société Nationale des Beaux Arts, Paris, 1896, 1897, 1899;

Pan-Am. Exposition, Buffalo, 1901 (medal); St. Louis Exposition, 1904 (medal);

Art Institute of Chicago, 1905 (prize); Boston Arts Club, 1907, 1908; Corcoran Gallery, 1907-28;

Arts Club Philadelphia 1909 (gold); Buenos Aires Exposition, 1910 (medal); Armory Show, 1913;

Pan.-Pacific Exposition,  San Francisco, 1915 (medal); Society Independent Artists, 1919-29;

Wilmington Society Fine Arts, 1920 (prize);

"The Ashcan Artists and their New York," National Museum American Art, 1995


Member: Society of American Artists, 1903; Associate member of the National Academy of Design, 1904;

National A, 1906; National Institute of Arts and Letters; Portrait Painters; National Arts Club;

American Painters & Sculptors; Taos Society Artists; Los Angeles Modern Art Society;

Society Independent Artists; Boston Arts Club; New Society Artists; Woodstock Art Association


Work: Luxembourg Gallery, Paris; Art Institute of Chicago; Carnegie Institute; Gallery Spartanburg, SC;

Dallas Art Association; Columbus Gallery Fine Art; New Orleans Art Association; Brooklyn Institute Museum;

at Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts; Carolina Art Association; Kansas City Art Institute;

San Francisco Institute Art; Metropolitan Museum Art; National Arts Club; Minneapolis Institute Art; Buffalo

Fine Art Academy; Oberlin College Gallery; Santa Fe Museum Art & Architecture;

Memphis Museum; Cincinnati Museum; Detroit Institute; Toledo Museum Art; Milwaukee Art Institute;

Telfair Academy; Corcoran Gallery Art; City Art Museum of St. Louis; Los Angeles County Museum of Art;

Wilmington Society Fine Art; Butler Art Institute; Newark Museum; Decatur

Des Moines Art Academy.


Comments: The outspoken leader of The Eight," later called the "Ashcan Group"

who were largely responsible for creating the famous Armory Show of 1913.

He was a highly influential teacher at Art Student’s League; Valtin School; Ferrar School;

New York School of Art (previously known as the Chase School);

and his own Henri School, all in NYC.

His collection of lectures, published as The Art Spirit (1923) greatly influenced the course of American art

because he encouraged many students towards independence and personal expression,

urging them, in particular, to pay close attention to their feelings and reactions to

subject matter and to translate these directly into their paintings.

As a teacher he also stressed self-reliance and self-respect.

In his paintings Henri employed a slashing, quick attack to record feeling and sensation.

His portraits were of young women, children, and foreigners.

He painted Indian portraits in San Diego in 1913 and spent the summer of 1916 in

Santa Fe, painting, followed there by friends and students.



Who's Who, 1927; William Innes Homer, Robert Henri & His Circle (1969); Mecklenburg, Zurier,

and Snyder, Metropolitan Lives: the Ashcan

Artists and their New York; Bennard B. Perlman,

The Immortal Eight: American Painting from Eakins to the Armory Show, 1870-1913

(New York, 1962); Baigell, Dictionary;

Peggy and Harold Samuels, 219-220; Eldredge, et al., Art in New Mexico, 1900-1945, 198; Fink,

American Art at the Nineteenth-Century Paris Salons, 355; Woodstock Art Association; Falk,

Exhibition Record Series; Curtis, Curtis, and Lieberman, 183."




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Robert Cozad Henri, Flying Spray, Monhegan (Authenticated) 


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