The Arms of Granville Leveson-Gower, the 1st Earl Granville
The armorial bearings as engraved upon this
George IV English Sterling Silver Footed Salver by William Stroud hallmarked London 1821
are those of Granville Leveson-Gower, the 1st Earl Granville.
They may be blazoned as follows:
Arms : Quarterly 1st and 4th Barry of eight argent and gules a cross flory sable
(for Gower) 2nd and 3rd Azure three laurel leaves or (for Leveson)
Supporters : On either side a wolf argent collared and lined or
Motto : Frangas non flectes (Thou may break me, but not bend me)
The arms are ensigned with an earl's coronet.
The surname 'Leveson-Gower' is pronounced as 'Looson Gore'.
This salver was undoubtedly in the possession of
The Right Honourable Lord2 Granville Leveson-Gower
(born 12th October 1773 died 8th January 1846), the 1st Earl Granville,
the second and younger son of Granville Leveson-Gower,
the 1st Marquess of Stafford and his third wife, Lady Susannah Stewart,
the third daughter of Alexander Stewart, the 6th Earl of Galloway.
He married Lady Henrietta Elizabeth "Harriet" Cavendish,
the second and youngest daughter of William Cavendish, the 5th 2 Duke of Devonshire
and his wife, Lady Georgiana Spencer on the 24th December 1809.
Prior to his elevation to the peerage as
Viscount Granville, of Stone Park in the County of Stafford on the 12th August 1814,
Lord Granville served as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Russia in 1804
and he subsequently served as Ambassador to the Court of France.
Whilst serving as the British ambassador in France, he was appointed to be a
Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath in May 1825 by King George IV.
He was unusually invested with the insignia of a Knight Grand Cross of the Bath by King Charles X of France
on the 9th June 1825 at the request no doubt of King George IV.
He was later advanced within the Peerage of the United Kingdom as the Earl Granville,
with the further inferior peerage of Baron Leveson of Stone in the County of Stafford
on the 10th May 1833.
Given that the arms shown on this salver are ensigned with an earl's coronet
the arms must have been engraved upon this salver
after Viscount Granville was raised within the peerage as Earl Granville.
It may have been a family piece that was utilised at that time
or alternatively it was purchased by Earl Granville shortly after 1833 and engraved with his arms as an earl.
'Lord Granville' is this context denotes the courtesy title of a younger son of a marquess,
'Lord' followed the Christian name 'Granville'
Heraldry by John Tunesi of Liongam
MSc, FSA Scot, Hon FHS, QG
Sir Thomas Lawrence :
"Portrait of Lord Granville Leveson-Gower (later 1st Earl Granville)
at the time of his mission to Saint Petersburg"
92.5" × 51.5"
(Paul Mellon Collection. New Haven, Connecticut, United States)