MASONIC INTEREST - ENGRAVED GLASS RUMMER – ODDFELLOWS LODGE
England, late 19th / early 20th Century
Faith and Hope
Of Masonic / Oddfellows interest, the large glass low rummer, well engraved with the quartered shield for the Oddfellows Lodge:
an hourglass – time; beehive – industry; crossed keys – knowledge and thrift; and lamb and flag –
sacrifice and innocence) centering a shield with rose (England), the thistle (Scotland), the leek (Wales) and the
shamrock (Ireland); surmounted by the terrestrial globe (universality of the mission) enclosed by laurel
(victory of the mission) below the open hand with the heart in the palm (friendship and love by which the mission
is carried out), between figures of Charity with an orphan baby and 2 children on one side,
Hope with an anchor at her feet, and Faith with the cross;
all above the motto Amicitia Amor et Veritas (Friendship Love and Truth),
the reverse with the initials R G M within a berried cartouche
Masons and Oddfellows appear to share a common history, both stemming from middle age guilds.
Tightening of the rules of the London Grand Lodge - prohibiting members from belonging to more than one London lodge -
led to the appearance of Oddfellows Lodges in 1736. Freemasonry seems to be coming from more established larger guilds,
whereas Oddfellows from smaller, “odd” ones.
Masonic influences and terminology are clearly evident in Oddfellows, with all degrees are based on the customary rituals
rooted in deism. As with the Freemasons, Oddfellows' purpose was (and is) to provide help to members when in need,
and to serve both local and national charities.
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