Princess Mary, Princess Royal and
Countess of Harewood,
James Jebusa Shannon, from the book "Princess Mary's Gift
Book, published 1914
was married to the 6th Earl of Harewood, Henry Lascelles.
Her brothers included the abdicating Edward VIII Duke of
Windsor, and King George VI.
During World War I, Princess Mary visited hospitals and
welfare organizations with her mother; assisting with
projects to give comfort to British servicemen and
assistance to their families. One of these projects was
Princess Mary's Christmas Gift Fund, through which
£100,000 worth of gifts was sent to all British soldiers
and sailors for Christmas 1914.
Her interests and public duties reflected her concerns
with nursing, the Girl Guide (Girl Scout) movement, and
the Women's Services. She became honorary president of
the British Girl Guide Association in 1920, a position
she held until her death.
At the outbreak of World War II, the Princess Royal
became chief controller and later controller commandant
of the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS, renamed the
Women's Royal Army Corps in 1949).
She carried further responsibilities as the president of
Papworth, air chief commandant of Princess Mary's Royal
Air Force Nursing Service (1950) and received the
honorary rank of general in the British Army (1956).
Also, in 1949, the 10th Gurkha Rifles were renamed the
10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles in her honour.
1951 she became the chancellor of the University of
She was mother of two sons,
George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood, and Gerald